Cannabinoid Glossary

Delta 8 or ∆8

Delta-8 THC or “delta-8 tetrahydrocannabinol” is a psychoactive compound extracted from legal forms of the cannabis plant. 

Delta-8 THC has a similar chemical structure to the commonly known psychoactive compound delta-9 THC. Delta- 8 can be extracted from legal forms of cannabis. While delta-8 is not as potent as delta-9 THC, the psychoactive compounds affect the mind similarly.

Delta-8 is nothing new despite the designer name. It’s a completely natural chemical that’s been around as long as cannabis has. In fact, if you’ve ever consumed Marijuana you’ve likely also consumed Delta-8. However, it hasn’t been until recently that proper studies have been able to take place in order to identify and isolate Delta-8 from other chemicals in the cannabis plant. That’s partly because of changing legal regulations around cannabis in the USA, and partly due to advances in scientific studies as we learn more about the plant from which this chemical is naturally derived.

Potential Effects of Delta 8 include:

  • Natural Pain Analgesic
  • Increases Appetite
  • Neuroprotective Properties
  • Relieves Anxiety
  • Relieves Nausea
  • Stress-Reliever
  • Enjoyable High

Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take Delta 8 thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take Delta 8 products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have.

Delta 9 or ∆9

Delta 9 THC can come in two forms. Both of them still involve the cannabis plants, marijuana and hemp. Marijuana plants naturally contain the psychoactive compound known as Delta-9 THC, the legendary plant that we all grew up with. Then you have the CBD rich hemp plant, where your CBD and alternate cannabinoids are sourced from.  

The 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp at the federal level. This wasn’t blanket legalization though: it came with the proviso that it’s only legal if it contains 0.3% or less delta-9 THC by dry weight. This is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, so it makes sense that this is the part that would be limited. However, there is still delta-9 THC in hemp, and for some purposes it can be called hemp delta-9.

The 0.3% limit is the key to the whole issue – and why you would call it hemp delta-9 in the first place. Imagine you have a 6 g (dry) product. This can have up to 18 mg of THC and still fall within the legal limit. This level of THC is in line with most standard edible dosages – it’s fairly strong if anything. The point is that you could legitimately use it – and sell it – for the purposes of using THC. It would be federally illegal if it was ordinary cannabis, but as a less-than-0.3% component of hemp, the Farm Bill permits it.

There is no difference between hemp delta-9 and regular delta-9, aside from the source. The chemical itself is absolutely identical. The distinction between the delta-9s comes purely from the source, with hemp delta-9 coming from hemp and “regular” delta-9 coming from a standard cannabis plant.

Even this distinction is a little strained, though: hemp and regular marijuana are the same species of plant. The key difference between the two is the same arbitrary 0.3% delta-9 THC cutoff. Higher than that, it’s marijuana; lower than that, it’s hemp.

This makes it very clear that the delta-9 THC is the same either way. If the plant it comes from is low in THC, it’s totally legal at the federal level, if it’s high in THC, it’s a Schedule I controlled substance.

Common Effects of Delta-9 include:

  • altered perception of time and events
  • giddiness
  • increased focus
  • relaxation

Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take Delta 9 thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take Delta 9 products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have.

Delta9o or ∆9o

Delta 9o is a new, federally legal hemp-derived cannabinoid that is able to produce almost identical effects to standard Delta 9 THC. 

Called Delta 9 THC-o-Acetate, this cannabinoid is similar in effect and chemical structure to Delta 9 THC. Delta 9 THCO, or simply Delta 9o or D9o, is practically the same cannabinoid as Delta 9 THC with the addition of an acetate group. When consumed, it can take around 20 minutes for users to begin to feel the effects of D9o. This is because Delta 9o is metabolized via a process called deacetylization before it becomes active in the body. The acetate on the molecule is removed, leaving behind Delta 9 THC. Once that happens, the body processes the remaining Delta 9 like standard Delta 9 THC. It’s a legal way to experience Delta 9 THC effects on the federal level. 

The only difference between D9o and standard Delta 9 is the additional acetate on the molecule. Once the body metabolizes the acetate, Delta 9 THC is left over, in what’s thought to be a more bioavailable form. So Delta 9o will have similar effects to Delta 9 THC, but can be more potent due to the bioavailability increase. Both Delta 9o and Delta 9 will interact with the CB1 receptors, creating the psychoactive high associated with standard Delta 9. With that, Delta 9o can come with some of the same benefits, and potential side effects associated with Delta 9. 

Common D9o Effects Include:

  • Chilled
  • Relaxed
  • Happy
  • Anxiolytic properties
  • Relief
  • Strong mental and physical experience
  • Dry Mouth
  • Headache
  • May last for 1-2 hours
  • Powerful body experience

Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take Delta 9o thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take Delta 9o products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have.

Delta 10 or ∆10

Delta-10 is a cannabinoid found in trace amounts in the cannabis plant. Like regular THC—delta-9—it can get you high, but it is less potent than delta-9. This makes it similar to delta-8, another cannabinoid that is less potent than regular THC.

Delta-10 THC is one of the hundreds of cannabinoids you can find in hemp and cannabis. Unlike Delta-9 however, Delta-10 appears in such trace amounts that you’d waste an exhaustive amount of time and plant material trying to extract it from natural strains.

While very little research has been done on its mechanism of action in the body, Delta-10 THC likely interacts with the endocannabinoid system in a similar way as other THC compounds. Delta-9 THC and Delta-8 THC have binding affinities towards CB1 receptors in the brain and nervous system, which produce varying levels of psychotropic effects. Delta-10 may interact similarly with CB1 receptors at high concentrations.

Common Delta 10 effects include:

  • Pain relief
  • Mild increase in energy
  • Mild increase in mood
  • Appetite stimulant
  • Stress relief
  • Neuroprotective 
  • Relaxed
  • Mental Euphoria
  • Motivated

Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take Delta 10 thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take Delta 10 products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have.

THC-P

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabiphoral, or THCP, is a cannabinoid related closely to THC and found in very low concentrations in the cannabis plant.

According to the researchers who discovered it, THCP interacts with the endocannabinoid system similarly to THC but with a far greater affinity for cannabinoid receptors. The research found that THCP binds to CB1 receptors up to 33 times more often than traditional THC, which means THCP is potentially up to 33x as potent as THC.

THCP is unique because of its longer alkyl side chains: the string of carbon atoms is much longer than traditional THC (seven carbons vs. five carbons). This makes the cannabinoid attach more securely to receptors throughout the body. Thus, it takes a much smaller amount of THCP to impact different functions governed by the endocannabinoid system (ECS) than for THC to have the same effect. 

Without any research available, users should employ a healthy amount of caution when looking into THCP as a potential medicine until more information becomes available.

THCP is 33 times capable of binding to CB1 receptors as THC, which means more psychoactivity is at risk with even smaller doses. One could consume too much THCP and experience unwanted side effects like dry mouth, dizziness, or lethargy.

It’s also worth remembering that THCP is usually only present in small concentrations in cannabis. Hence, it is difficult to say what impact the cannabinoid plays in the overall effect of cannabis. It is theorized that THCP could be one reason why some cannabis varietals are so much more potent than others, despite having a similar or lower concentration of THC. However, there is no definite proof of this concept.

Common THC-P effects include:

  • Euphoria
  • Disorientation
  • Sleepiness
  • Extreme head and body buzz
  • Anxiolytic properties
  • Relief
  • Strong mental and physical experience
  • Dry Mouth

Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take THC-P thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take THC-P products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have.

THC-O

THCO (also known as THC Acetate or ATHC) is a chemical compound that is derived from federally legal hemp plants. Unlike many other cannabinoids, it is not naturally occurring within the plant, but is instead synthesized through acetylation. 

This type of controlled chemical reaction replaces a hydrogen group with an acetyl group, creating a more potent version of the original THC from which it came. It is similar to Delta-8 THC in this regard, as both compounds are man made.

Though hemp plants are classified as containing less than .3% of Delta-9 THC, this process and creation of THCO can substantiate the psychoactive effects commonly associated with smoking marijuana. This will also ensure that the final consumed product is federally legal, again containing less than .3% of Delta-9 THC.

This synthetic form of THC has many exciting applications, especially for those who prefer the psychoactive effects of Delta-9 THC, but live in a state where it is not yet legal for recreational and/or medical consumption. For some, the euphoria produced by the other psychoactive synthetic, Delta-8 THC, is not quite strong enough. In these instances, THCO may be the answer they are looking for.

THCO is an analog of THC but it’s extremely potent. In fact it’s thrice as potent as Delta 8 THC as well as Delta 9 and 10! 

So it’d be best to go slow with THCO especially if you’re a beginner. Consuming too much of it may even lead to side effects but there’s not much research on the subject of THC-O yet. Based on the little existing research, it has been found that the compound is not activated until it is metabolized. So it’s essentially a prodrug that needs approximately 20-30 minutes to take effect. 

It’d be worthwhile to note at this point that given that the compound is new in the market, there’s a diverse range of products available right now, with varied levels of quality. So it’d be prudent to choose pharmaceutical-grade THCO for sale or THCO products – be it THCO flower, THcoil, THCO cartridge, or any other – made from high-quality extracts and that have undergone a series of purification steps.

Common effects of THC-O:

  • Psychedelic effects at high doses
  • Body high
  • Joy and euphoria
  • Consciousness expansion
  • Delayed effects

Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take THC-O thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take THC-O products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have.

THC-V

THCV, or tetrahydrocannabivarin, is a compound in cannabis that offers a unique array of effects and medical benefits that sets it apart from other cannabinoids like THC and CBD. As its name suggests, THCV is similar to THC in molecular structure and psychoactive properties, but it provides a variety of pronounced and altogether different effects. 

While it’s not as popular as THC and CBD, it does seem to have potential as a powerhouse cannabinoid in marijuana. Like other cannabinoids, THCV interacts with the endocannabinoid system in unique ways that we continue to study to fully understand.

While the THC and THCV chemical structures look a lot alike, and may have some similarities in terms of the psychoactive qualities—in the right doses, THCV is a unique cannabinoid found in marijuana. In fact, it’s so unique, and is available in such low amounts, that we’ve only just started really trying to understand THCV, market it, and breed strains that contain this compound.

Here’s the interesting part about THCV. It seems that, in low doses, THCV works against the CB1 receptor, which is one of the receptors in our bodies affected by THC. Because it does this, at low doses, THCV won’t have psychoactive properties. At higher doses, however, THCV can change the way it interacts with the body and starts to work with the CB1 receptors. This means that at high doses, you can feel a THC-like effect from THCV.

THCV and Delta-9 THC - also known simply as THC - are different in a few ways:

  • Psychoactive Effects - THC is likely to cause a psychoactive effect, while THCV, as outlined above, may cause this effect in higher doses. 
     
  • Possible Appetite Suppressant - It is believed that while THC can increase appetite in cannabis consumers, THCV may be able to suppress the appetite. 
     
  • Intoxication Duration - THCV’s psychoactive effect is unique enough compared to THC that it earned its own moniker: the “sports car” of cannabinoids. This is because THCV intoxication is reported as short but potentially intense. 

More research is needed to understand any effect of THC or THCV on the human body, and cannabis and cannabinoids affect everyone differently.

THC-H

THC-H has the second longest chemical chain after THC-P, therefore making it the second strongest cannabinoid after THC-P. While THCP is said to be 33x stronger than Delta 9 THC, THC-H is around 10-15x stronger than regular THC. Because it’s a natural cannabinoid, it behaves like all cannabinoids do, working with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the body to bind to individual cannabinoid receptors, thus yielding a unique array of effects.

As we still have a lot to learn about tetrahydrocannabihexol, what we do know is that its psychoactive properties are already making it extremely popular.  The high is often compared to THC-P, and in fact, the two cannabinoids seem to be popular to take together, as there may be a synergistic effect that really gives you a phenomenal experience within the body and mind in terms of mood, relaxation and so on.

The key thing to know about tetrahydrocannabihexol’s high is that it is all about euphoria.  People describe a stronger feeling of euphoria than they’ve ever experienced with any other cannabinoid.  Also is potentially very-long lasting, as we are aware that many other cannabinoid-based products provide only a short phase of euphoria that doesn’t last for the duration of the high.

Also, alongside the euphoria effect, users report a uniquely powerful body high that can be intensely relaxing, and great for easing physical tension.

THC-H BENEFITS LIST

  • Strong mental and body experience
  • Chilled
  • Relaxed
  • Happy
  • Anxiolytic properties
  • Relief

THC-H SIDE EFFECTS 

  • Strong mental and physical experience
  • Dry Mouth
  • Headache
  • May last for 1-2 hours
  • Powerful body experience

Taking too much THC-H, like any psychoactive compound can cause intense side effects. Again, because the compound is strong we suggest smaller dosages first then taking higher doses after time once you get comfortable with the compound and effects. 

THC-B

THC-B also known as Tetrahydrocannabutol is a homolog compound to delta-9 THC and one of the active ingredients in hemp.THC-B is said to be similar in strength to THCP, another popular hemp derived compound. Except with a slightly difference and unique high. THC-B is said to be around 30x stronger than regular Delta 9 THC. THCB is gaining more traction in the hemp community as a powerful and beneficial compound.

THC-B is a phytocannabinoid and psychoactive. While not as strong as D9, this cannabinoid has been described as similar in how it interacts with our system. Specifically, it acts on the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain. This compound binds to them and has a stronger binding affinity than other homologs and isomers of THC, like delta-8 THC or HHC.

Potential effects of THCB that have been reported include:

  • Psychoactive effects
  • Analgesic effects- Analgesics refer to a class of agents that minimize pain through interaction with pain receptors in the nervous system.  Basically, an analgesic has the ability to interfere with the communication between the nervous system’s pain receptors and the signals in the brain that receive those pain signals.  As a result, a person becomes less reactive to pain, experiencing relief at last.
  • Anti Inflammatory properties
  • Sleep enhancing properties

Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take THC-B thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take THC-B products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have.

THCjd

THCjd (Δ9-THCjd) is a rare and largely unknown cannabinoid naturally present in cannabis. Thanks to its 8-link alkyl side-chain, THCjd causes a euphoric high that’s reportedly 19-times more potent than delta-9 (THC) and over 25-times stronger than delta-8. Some users claim THCjd induces relaxing, sedating, and “couch-lock” effects, while others suggest it’s energizing and mood-enhancing.

THCjd, also known as Δ9-THCjd, is a rare octyl cannabinoid and THC isomer found naturally in all varieties of cannabis, including hemp and marijuana. An octyl cannabinoid means a cannabis compound with an alkyl side chain composed of eight carbon atoms. This 8-link alkyl side chain is responsible for THCjd’s potential ability to induce a euphoric high that’s 19-times more potent than THC and over 25-times stronger than delta-8 and delta-10. 

THCjd’s benefits are still unknown. We cannot say what it’s good for without objective scientific evidence, which is currently non-existent. However, we can reasonably expect THCjd’s benefits to be similar to THC. THC’s benefits include: 

Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take THCjd thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take THCjd products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have.

HHC

HHC is short for Hydroxyhexahydrocannabinol (or simply hexahydrocannabinol). It is a hemp-derived cannabinoid found naturally in cannabis but only in trace concentrations. It is a semi-synthetic hydrogenated compound first created in 1944 by the American chemist Roger Adams when he added hydrogen molecules to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.

Hydrogenation modifies the structure of delta 9 THC by replacing a double bond with two hydrogen atoms. In other words, HHC is the most stable form of THC. It is highly resistant to oxidation, heat, and UV light.

HHC and Delta 8, Like HHC and THC, are quite similar compounds. They both come from cannabis, they both get you baked, and they’re both more fun than a barrel of monkeys. The two primary differences between Delta 8 and HHC are that Delta 8 occurs at a different point on the molecular chain that Delta 9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and HHC must be subject to hydrogenation after extraction.

The buzz felt from these compounds can also be quite different. HHC is often hailed as the champion of body-buzz, while Delta 8 tends to offer a headier experience.

Other benefits HHC is believed to have apart from its pain-killing effects include; relief from anxiety, euphoria, relaxation, cerebral and bodily intoxication, reduced inflammation, relief of nausea and vomiting, and better sleep.

Common HHC effects:

  • Strong mental and body experience
  • Chilled
  • Relaxed
  • Happy
  • Anxiolytic properties
  • Relief

Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take HHC thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take HHC products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have.

HHC-O

HHC-O is still relatively new to the market. Hence, you mostly won’t find much information about the chemical online. HHC-O, also known as HHC Acetate, is a more potent and efficient version of Hexahydrocannabinol (HHC). HHC is a cannabinoid with effects that rival delta-8 products. You can find it in the pollen and seeds of hemp. This cannabinoid is a hydrogenated version of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is why it has similar effects or it can be more potent than delta-8 and delta-9 THC.

The hydrogenated form of THC may help with pain and has other recreational benefits.  Cannabinoids like CBD products do not have the psychoactive effects of cannabis but come with all the health benefits. On the other hand, HHC-O has that psychoactive effect and still possesses all the health benefits of the cannabis plant. Companies have taken the effects of HHC to another level by synthesizing HHC-O, which has more powerful effects.

However, the full effects and benefits of this synthesized cannabinoid are still being researched. The “-O” you find attached to HHC signifies that the chemical has been mixed with acetic anhydride to increase its efficiency. Essentially, you can call this substance a “super HHC.” By undergoing this process, the cannabinoid becomes almost twice as powerful as before.

The process of making HHC-O is similar to that of THC-O-acetate (also known as THC-O). The only difference is that you use HHC instead of THC. The changes this process makes are optimal for increasing either chemical’s effects. You can find HHC-O products, such as HHC-O vape cartridges, pre-rolls, and gummies. These products are pretty popular and are gaining more traction each day.

Researchers still need to do a lot of work to determine the full and long-term effects of HHC-O. However, numerous people have tried HHC-O and have reported a few benefits.  Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take HHC-O thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take HHC-O products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have. You might take HHC-O and not feel anything.

The effects of this substance vary from user to user, and not everyone will have the same experience. Here are some potential benefits of HHC-O.

Heavy and Intense Feeling

Many people reported that they enjoyed HHC-O because it gave them an intense euphoric feeling that lasted for a long time. They likened these effects to that of delta-8 and delta-9.

Physical and Mental Improvement

Some people reported that they saw an improvement in their mental and physical health. This means they had less anxiety and panic attacks. They also reported that they had more energy. Some users also claimed that it helped with their feelings of depression.

More Relaxation

After taking HHC-O, many users claimed they could relax properly. They mentioned that the sensation gotten from this cannabinoid helped them stay calm and not worry about issues bothering them. Some even reported that they could sleep better due to this substance.

Pain Relief

People who experienced pain in the past claimed that using HHC-O helped to relieve some of that pain. A few people even claimed that HHC-O works better than delta-9. Most people used CBD gummies for pain as well, this got very popular among consumers when they tried CBD for pain. 

Keep in mind that this information is subjective and has no valid scientific backing yet.

Also, note that these benefits might not take effect on you, so do not take HHC-O thinking you will undoubtedly see positive effects. We do not suggest you take HHC-O products in the hopes that they will prevent, cure, or treat any condition or ailment you may have.

Common Buzz Words

Cannabinoid

Cannabis plants contain many different cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are natural chemical compounds that affect the brain, body, and central nervous system.

Cannabis Extract

“Extract” refers to anything pulled from cannabis flower. When you put raw plant matter into certain solvents like oil, ethanol, or water (alcohol is most common), you can draw out various compounds including THC, CBD, and various terpenes. The final solution you’re left with, is known as cannabis extract.  

Cannabis Concentrate

The word “concentrate” is somewhat self-explanatory – it’s a concentrated form of something extracted from another product. Cannabis concentrates come in many different forms. Some concentrates, like the sauces and badders, are waxy and not easily handled so they’re typically only used with some type of dab rig, nectar collector, or similar. With the more solid concentrates, you can dab them if you’d like but you can also put them on top of flower in your bowls, joints, and blunts, to make them burn slower, as well as boost the flavor and efficiency. Concentrates can be vaped as well.

Live Resin

Live Resin extraction is the process of taking fresh or flash-frozen hemp or THC plants to create products. In doing this, companies skip the process of drying or curing, where often trichomes are lost, resulting in a lack of cannabinoids and terpenes. This process retains more cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids from the plant, offering a product closer to the original plant.

Oleo Resin

Oleo Resin is a natural resin extracted from the hemp plant. The main difference between Live Resin extraction and oleoresin extraction is temperature. Most live resin products are steam distilled and use higher temperatures. Oleo Resin is extracted from the plant using only pressure and lower heat. Removing the resin in this manner allows for cleaner terpenes and retains more terpenes and flavonoids than Live Resin.

Overall, Live Resin and Oleo Resin aren’t a massive difference. It all comes down to user preference. Oleo Resin is thought to retain more flavonoids and terpenes, offering intense flavors. Live Resin tends to have a higher concentration of cannabinoids and retains more flavonoids and terpenes than traditional methods.

Get in touch

Have questions about your order, or a general enquiry?